伦理& Values

The optometric profession has long recognized its ethical responsibilities to 耐心, colleagues, other health care professionals, and the public. The 美国视光学协会 (AOA) has historically provided statements of ethical aspirations and standards of expected professional behavior. The 道德守则, Optometric Oath and 专业操守标准 are the current documents guiding the ethical behavior of AOA members. These documents are frequently expanded on through policy resolutions adopted by the House of Delegates.

验光誓言

经过深思熟虑,我自由郑重地保证:

我AFFIRM 患者的健康将是我的首要考虑。

我会 忠实,认真地实践验光的艺术和科学,并尽我所能。

我会 坚持并以身作则,以行为方式促进我所选择的职业的最高标准,道德和理想,并获得授予我的视光学博士学位的荣誉。

我会 为那些寻求我服务的人提供专业护理,他们关心,同情并适当尊重他们的人权和尊严。

我会 将那些寻求我照料的人的待遇置于个人利益之上,并努力确保所有人都不应缺少适当的照料。

我会 hold as privileged and inviolable all information entrusted to me in confidence by my 耐心.

我会 advise my 耐心 fully and honestly of all which may serve to restore, maintain 要么 enhance their vision and general health.

我会 strive continuously to broaden my knowledge and skills so that my 耐心 may benefit from all new and efficacious means to enhance the care of human vision.

我会 share information cordially and unselfishly with my fellow optometrists and other professionals for the benefit of 耐心 and the advancement of human knowledge and welfare.

我会 尽最大努力为公民,验光师和社区,国家和人类服务。

在此,我 坚定不移地履行我庄严的誓言和义务。

道德守则

道德守则

它应该是所有验光师的理想,决心和责任:

保持 their 耐心' eye, vision, and general health paramount at all times;

尊重 the rights and dignity of 耐心 regarding their health care decisions;

建议 their 耐心 whenever consultation with, 要么 referral to another optometrist 要么 other health professional is appropriate;

确保 confidentiality and privacy of 耐心' protected health and other personal information;

努力 确保所有人都能获得眼睛,视力和一般医疗保健;

推进 their professional knowledge and proficiency to maintain and expand competence to benefit their 耐心;

保持 按照专业卫生保健标准的做法;

推广 与卫生保健界所有成员的道德和亲切关系;

去辨认 他们有义务保护社会的健康和福祉;和

引导 自己以诚实,正直,公平,善良和同情心成为模范公民和专业人士

众议院通过:
实质性议案M-1944-1,1944年6月; 2005年6月修改;废除2007年6月
修改并通过为第1969号决议,2007年6月

2020年6月9日:AOA董事会的声明

美国验光协会(AOA)的任务很明确:提倡验光专业,并为验光医生提供服务,以满足公众的眼保健需求。通过乔治·弗洛伊德(George Floyd)死后所引起的重要的社区与社区之间的对话,阿拉伯国家联盟(AOA)坚定了自己的信念,即我国没有种族主义,不容忍或仇恨的地方。

当美国寻求对种族主义造成的令人无法接受的损害的全国性了解时,AOA与所有遭受悲剧影响的人站在一起。我们认识到,支持并拥护我们行业的领导角色,以帮助社区,州和我们的国家团结起来,比以往任何时候都更强大,更健康,并且站出来反对不平等和不公正现象。

Doctors of optometry take and, each day, fulfill a solemn oath to provide care with compassion and due regard for the human rights and dignity of 耐心. The AOA will continue to support doctors of optometry in all efforts to safeguard and improve health 在里面ir communities, including addressing social determinants of health, and to further expand access to sight-saving and lifesaving, patient-centered care. In places where the delivery of essential optometric care has been disrupted, the AOA will continue to seek to assure its rapid restoration through advocacy and relief efforts, including the good works of 验光 Cares®—AOA基金会,负责验光’的Dis灾基金。

验光家族是致力于康复,统一和服务的全国性力量,我们的工作从未如此重要。

社交媒体推荐

Carolyn Carman O.D.和Douglas Totten,O.D.撰写的文章, 道德与价值观委员会,2012年11月

2020年9月更新

The use of social media is increasingly utilized in both the business place and the private sector as 耐心 and practitioners become more comfortable with internet technology and tools. The ability to readily share information and quickly reach large numbers of people present both advantages and challenges. James E. Paramore, O.D., former chair of the AOA 伦理and Values Committee, has stated, "(Doctors of optometry) need to be aware of how to uphold the same professional and ethical standards 在里面ir social media participation as they do 在里面 rest of their practice. Failing to do so could hurt 耐心 and possibly harm optometric careers."

社交媒体可以描述为交互式平台,使个人可以共享用户生成的内容。社交媒体可以多种格式呈现,包括互联网论坛,微博,播客,Wiki和其他书签应用程序。诸如Facebook,Twitter,Instagram,LinkedIn,Snapchat,YouTube,TikTok和WhatsApp之类的网站是最常用的网络网站。

为了帮助维护医患关系,维护患者隐私并确保信息的安全性,建议在个人和职业生活中使用社交媒体的医生遵循以下准则。

  1. Doctors are discouraged from interacting with current 要么 past 耐心 on personal social media accounts. 就像声明的那样 在里面 AOA专业行为标准,标准B.6, “Optometrists should avoid intimate relationships with 耐心 as such relationships could compromise professional judgment 要么 exploit the confidence and trust placed 在里面 optometrist by the patient." While a social media “friend”可能不符合“亲密关系,” there is still a risk associated with sharing details of your personal life with 耐心 要么 interacting with 耐心 in an overly casual and familiar manner on social media, which undermines the esteem with which you are viewed as a professional. In a worst-case scenario, interactions on social media could be viewed as giving medical advice 在里面 absence of a proper examination of the patient, 要么 you may be seen to be sharing personal patient information with third parties.

    常见的解决方案是维护单独的个人和企业社交媒体页面,并避免两者混合。应该保留专业页面,以共享有关您的执业信息,也许还可以共享一般健康信息。使用个人电子邮件地址而非专业电子邮件地址登录社交媒体帐户以供个人使用。查看附加到个人在线资料的专业电子邮件地址的用户可能会误解医生的行为,代表医疗专业或特定机构。可以预期,医生会有一些朋友,他们也 patients—如果这些朋友也是社交媒体联系人,请将您的个人互动限制在您的个人页面上,并避免在那里讨论健康问题。

  2. Online interactions with 耐心 for the purpose of discussing medical treatment should only occur on encrypted and secure platforms to maintain patient confidentiality. There are dedicated platforms specially designed for appointments and accessing records, for example, and for sending secure and encrypted email communications. Be careful not to accidentally disseminate private, patient-doctor information via an unsecured method.

  3. 社交媒体可以用作医生在线收集,分享经验以及讨论眼保健和医疗话题的宝贵工具. 与同事进行的此类专业互动为点对点的教育和讨论提供了有益的手段。医生有责任尝试确保他们使用的专业网络是安全的,并且仅注册用户可以访问。这些网站应设置密码保护,以防止公众访问和将讨论视为医疗建议。在将其纳入患者护理方案之前,医生还应确认从专业的在线讨论中获得的任何医学信息均得到当前医学研究的支持。

  4. 应始终保护患者的机密性和隐私权,尤其是在社交媒体上。这些站点有可能被公众查看,任何违反保密规定的行为都可能对患者造成伤害,并违反联邦隐私法,例如HIPAA。尽管医生可能会讨论他们的经历,但他们绝不应该提供任何可用于识别患者身份的信息,例如姓名,代号或图片。
  5. 有时,医生可能会在网上写下他们作为卫生专业人员的经历,或者可能会在医生的网站上发表评论。这样做时,医生必须揭露任何现有的利益冲突。他们还应披露其专业证书。
  6. 医生应注意,社交媒体上发布的任何信息都可能被散发—possibly unintended—to another audience, may be taken out of context 要么 may continue to be accessed online in perpetuity. They should consider they are representing the optometric community when posting online. Doctors should always act professionally and take caution to avoid posting statements that could be misinterpreted easily 要么 are unclear. Remember that when interacting with colleagues, it is possible to conduct oneself in a manner that is casual, 朋友ly and professional at the same time. Avoid participating in online discussions that would reflect badly on you 要么 the profession. When in doubt, it’最好不要发布!
  7. 允许员工访问互联网的医生应具有关于社交媒体使用的书面政策。办公室政策应促进对负责任地使用社交媒体和互联网使用的教育,培训和意识。应告知员工任何雇主打算编辑,修改,删除或查看互联网通信的意图。这应与办公室HIPAA政策和对员工的培训联系在一起。
  8. 足够强调的是,医生和医护人员应像在离线时一样,坚持在线上的专业原则。任何时候都应避免骚扰,对竞争对手或前工作人员的负面评论或任何其他非专业行为。

In 概要, doctors who use social media should limit personal interaction with 耐心 on personal social media accounts, maintain professional doctor-patient boundaries, and comply with patient privacy and confidentiality standards. Employees should be well informed about office policies on social media use, as well as HIPAA regulations. "(Doctors of optometry) have acknowledged that professional standards guide the traditional optometrist-patient relationship in face-to-face interactions. The online relationship is no different," said Morris S. Berman, O.D., MS, longtime member of the AOA 伦理and Values Committee. Doctors of optometry should follow the AOA专业行为标准 并应将它们应用于所使用的任何类型的通信或媒体。

社交媒体做与不做

Should I accept requests from 耐心 to connect on personal social media platforms?

Not recommended. A better idea may be to use your practice 网站 to share general 要么 eye health information, give directions and promote your practice. If you choose to use social media for business purposes, consider creating a separate account for your personal profile to use with selected 朋友s, family and colleagues who also are personal 朋友s only. While businesses may benefit from professional interactions with 耐心 and vendors on business social media pages, doctors should use discretion when deciding who becomes a personal social media “friend.” It is not recommended to accept "朋友 requests" from 耐心 on your personal Facebook page.

我应该在社交媒体上回答个人医疗问题吗?

不建议。那些有在线健康问题的人应被安排使用该软件或应用程序安排上门拜访,电话咨询(或远程医疗会议)或加密通信。

Should I post any information about my 耐心?

决不。这将构成不道德甚至潜在的非法行为。

专业操守标准

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